Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him)

Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him)

  • Born: c. 570 (Rabi' ul-Awwal), Bani Hashim area of Makkah, Saudi Arabia
  • Died: c. 8 June 632 (12 Rabi' ul-Awwal, 11 AH), Madinah, Saudi Arabia (aged 62)
  • Profession: Prophet
  • Recognition: Best creation of Almighty Allah. Seal of the Prophets
  • Global contribution: Qur'an revealed to him. Formalised Islam further via Hadith and Sunnah
  • Hasani? Didn't know that! His name 'Muhammad' only occurs four times in the Qur'an

Biography

Pre-revelation Makkah period c. 570 - 609 CE

  1. Prophet's life split into 3 phases: Pre-revelation Makkah period, Post-revelation Makkah period, and Madinah period
  2. Pre-Islam Arabia, Amr bin Luhai brings idol worship to Makkah from Syria, Migration of Jews to Arab land, Period of 'al-jahiliyyah' (ignorance)
  3. Pure, Hashimite lineage from Quraysh tribe
  4. Born an orphan
  5. Physical & emotional characteristics
  6. 11 wives, 4 daughters and 3 sons

Post-revelation Makkah period c. 609 - 622 CE

  1. How the Noble Qur'an was revealed
  2. Journey to heaven & hell in the Mi'raj
  3. "The Year of Sorrow"
  4. The Aqabah Pledges

Madinah period 622 - 632 CE

  1. Hijra (migration to Medina)
  2. Brotherhood with Ansars
  3. Battles for Islam
  4. Farewell sermon
  5. Death
  6. Khātim an-Nabiyīn (Seal of the Prophets)

Legacy

  1. Legacy

More...

Timeline of few major events in Prophet Muhammad's (pbuh) life:

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And We have sent you (Muhammad) not except as a mercy for all the worlds.

Surah 21 Al-Anbya (The Prophet), ayat 107

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