Cricket World Cup history
The cricket world cup is the biggest event in the cricket calendar. It is organised by the sport’s governing body International Cricket Council (ICC).
The world cup is held every four years and is contested by the Test-playing nations and a number of other international teams determined by the ICC before each world cup. The Test-playing nations qualify automatically whilst the other teams have to qualify through a series of tournaments (which includes the ICC Trophy) culminating in the World Cup Qualifier. The actual World Cup matches are One Day International (ODI) played over 50 overs per team (with 6 balls per over).
The tournament is one of the world’s most viewed sporting events, ranking behind the football world cup and Olympics.
- International Cricket Council (ICC) (Founded 1909) International governing body of cricket. Organises Test matches, One Day International (ODI) and Twenty20 Internationals. Monitors corruption & match-fixing. Founded by England, Australia & South Africa. Headquarter in Dubai. 105 members, only 10 'full members' playing Test Matches. Bangladesh became 10th member in 26 June 2000.
The first world cup was held in England in June 1975. The next two were also held in England. Thereafter, from 1987 onwards, the hosting has been shared between countries under an unofficial rotation system which meant no country would hold the event for two consecutive period.
Hosting is often shared between neighbouring countries to ease logistic and security pressure and spread the excitement and goodwill vibe that surrounds the tournament.
England are also the only nation to have hosted a World Cup alone, doing it in 1975 and 1979. In 1983 & 1999, despite being regarded as the only host for the tournament, some matches were played in Ireland, Netherlands, Scotland and Wales. The West Indies hosted the tournament in 2007 but are not considered as sole hosts because the West Indies represents a sporting confederation of 15 mainly English-speaking Caribbean countries, British dependencies and non-British dependencies.
London's Lord's Cricket Ground is the only venue to have hosted more than one World Cup Final match. Lord's was the venue of the final 4 times, i.e. for all World Cups hosted by England.
Sri Lanka and India are the only host nation to have won the World Cup, co-hosting and winning it in 1996 and 2011 respectively.
Wikipedia - Cricket World Cup hosts
Previous winners & runner-ups
Prior to 2011 world cup, Australia have won the tournament a record four times. West Indies and India are joint second with two world cups.
|4th||1987||India & Pakistan||Australia||England|
|5th||1992||Australia & New Zealand||Pakistan||England|
|6th||1996||India, Pakistan & Sri Lanka||Sri Lanka||Australia|
|8th||2003||South Africa, Kenya & Zimbabwe||Australia||India|
|9th||2007||West Indies||Australia||Sri Lanka|
The ICC Cricket World Cup Trophy is presented to the winners of the World Cup finals. The current trophy was created for the 1999 championships, and was the first permanent prize in the tournament's history. Prior to this, different trophies were made for each World Cup. The trophy was designed and produced in London by a team of craftsmen from Garrard & Co over a period of two months.
The current trophy is made from silver and gild, and features a golden globe held up by three silver columns. The columns, shaped as stumps and bails, represent the three fundamental aspects of cricket: batting, bowling and fielding, while the globe characterises a cricket ball. It stands 60 cm high and weighs approximately 11 kilograms. The names of the previous winners are engraved on the base of the trophy, with space for a total of twenty inscriptions.
Wikipedia - Cricket World Cup Trophy
The original trophy is kept by the ICC. A replica, which differs only in the inscriptions, is permanently awarded to the winning team.
How Asian countries won the bid
The International Cricket Council's executive committee votes for the hosts of the tournament after examining the bids made by the nations keen to hold a Cricket World Cup. All the World Cup events so far have been held in nations in which cricket is a popular sport. Most of the tournaments have been jointly hosted by nations from the same geographical region, such as South Asia (1987, 1996, and 2011) and Australasia (1992), Southern Africa (2003) and West Indies (2007).
Bidding for the right to host the 2011 Cricket World Cup took place in 2006, a year before the West Indies World Cup. A joint bid by Australia and New Zealand was the only bid delivered to ICC headquarters in Dubai ahead of the 1 March 2006 deadline set by ICC. However, a joint Asian bid by Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka was granted an extension to 21 April 2006 to present their case after having failed to meet the March deadline. There were fears, including even from the ICC President Ehsan Mani, that the extra time taken by the Asian block to hand over its bid compliance book had harmed and weakened the four-nation bid. This fear was heightened by the fact that under the traditional ICC rotation system it was Australasia’s turn to hold the event. However, when the time came to vote on 30 April 2006 – nine days after they submitted their bid – Asia won a landslide victory securing 10 of the 13 votes.
On behalf of the ICC I congratulate the four Asian members on earning the right to host the World Cup 2011.
Ehsan Mani, ICC President
This is fantastic news and is a big progression for Bangladesh, especially as we have also secured an ICC Event in 2014. The matches in our country will definitely keep up Bangladesh's development in world cricket and we congratulate the ICC for giving us this chance. We will ensure we have all the support necessary from our Government to make these events successful.
Mohammad Ali Asghar MP, Bangladesh representative
We did a great job, the four countries put together an impressive presentation and we got 10 out of 13 votes.
We are looking forward to it. A lot of work has to go in. The four countries will jointly sit down along with ICC to chalk out plans for hosting the 2011 World Cup. A lot of infrastructure needs to be put in place. We are mentally geared up for it. We will do the task at hand.
Lalit Modi, BCCI vice-president
The Pakistan Cricket Board revealed that it was the vote of the West Indies Cricket Board that swung the matter, as the Asian bid had the support of the four bidding countries along with South Africa and Zimbabwe. It was reported in Pakistani newspaper Dawn that the Asian countries promised to hold fund-raising events for West Indian cricket during the 2007 World Cup, which may have influenced the vote. However, chairman of the Monitoring Committee of the Asian bid, I. S. Bindra, said it was their promise of extra profits in the region of US$ 400 million that swung the vote, that there "was no quid pro quo for their support", and that playing the West Indies had "nothing to do with the World Cup bid".
Australia and New Zealand get 2015 world cup whilst England and Wales get 2019
After missing out on 2011, Australia and New Zealand were awarded the 2015 World Cup. England and Wales was awarded the 2019 event as part of rotational policy.
I believe our joint 2011 bid was of the highest possible standard so I am naturally disappointed that we were unsuccessful.
The 2015 Cricket World Cup will be a great event for Australasia.
We have the infrastructure and capability and while 2015 may sound a long way off planning will soon begin.
New Zealand Cricket chief Martin Snedden