On 12 November 1970 the south coast of Bangladesh was flooded by the most deadliest and devastating cyclonic storm in the history of Bangladesh. Winds traveling at 115mph completely destroyed thirteen islands around Chotrogram and wiped out 45% of Barisal's population. Over half a million people died in this rural region - though the exact figures are estimated to be higher than this.
The Bhola Cyclone followed from deteriorating political situation between the two wings of Pakistan - the affluent West Pakistan ('Poschim Pakistan' in Bangla) and the poverty-stricken East Pakistan ('Purbo Pakistan'). And then the waters came. East Pakistan had severe monsoon flooding throughout the summer of 1970. The elections were postponed from October to December. In November Bhola hit. The entire political atmosphere changed dramatically.
It was one of the key grievances behind the breakup of Pakistan and the creation of a new independent nation - Bangladesh.
Timeline of major events during Bhola Cyclone of 1970
Bhola Cyclone (1970) history
- From Ayub Khan military dictatorship to Yahya Khan regime
- Sheikh Mujib renames East Pakistan to 'Bangla Desh'
- Legal Framework Order (LFO)
- Monsoon flooding postpones election dates, cyclone frequency increases pre-Bhola
- Great Bhola Cyclone
- Over half a million people die
- Indifferent government response
- Maulana Bhashani declares independence, Sheikh Mujib's autonomy stance intensifies
- International aid
- Aftermath I: Event triggers civil war, cyclone shelters - TO DO
- Aftermath II: Concert for Bangladesh