1. Belief in Allah
Muslims believe that there is only One God. The Arabic word for God is 'Allah', which is a combination of two Arabic words, "Al" and "ilah". "Al" means "The", and "ilah" means "God". These two words come together and refer to "The God", which implies "The Only God" or "The Only One to be Worshipped".
Nothing else can be called Allah. The term has no gender (he's neither male nor female) - Muslims only use the word 'He' out of respect and dignity, not for gender. It also has no plural - the Qur'an sometime uses 'We' but this is used only as the "Royal WE" just as in English for royalty. This shows that the term 'Allah' is unique when compared with the word "god" which can be made feminine (i.e. goddess) or plural (i.e. gods).
Some qualities of Allah:
Qul huwa Allahu ahadun
Lam yalid walam yooladu
Walam yakun lahu kufuwan ahadun
Surah 112 Al-Ikhlaas (Sincerity)
"Say: He is Allah, the One! Allah, the eternally Besought of all! He begetteth not nor was begotten. And there is none comparable unto Him."
How to connect with Allah
Muslims worship only Allah as He is only worthy of worship.
A believer can have direct access to Allah without the need for any intermediaries such as idols, saints, angels, priests, planets, animals, graves or statues. This is achieved through dua (salutation), salah or namaz (prayer), and by reciting the Qur'an.
The Qur'an says that Allah is closer to man than his jugular vein yet He cannot be encompassed by human intellect.
Walaqad khalaqna alinsana wanaAAlamu ma tuwaswisu bihi nafsuhu wanahnu aqrabu ilayhi min habli alwareedi
Surah 50 Qaf (The Letter "Qaf"), Ayat (Verse) 16
"We verily created a man and We know what his soul whispereth to him , and We are nearer to him than his jugular vein."
2. Belief in His Angels (Mala'ikah)
The angels (mala'ikah) are heavenly beings and are messengers of Allah. Unlike humans or jinn (spiritual creatures occupying unseen world), they have no free will and therefore can do only what Allah orders them to do. Mala'ikahs were created from light (Nur) and were created, before human, for the purpose of worshipping Allah. Each Angel has various duties to perform. All Angels are free from sins and they don't disobey Allah.
The exact number of mala'ikahs created by Allah is not known, however the Qur'an and hadith does mentions a few by name.
Mala'ikahs in human form
Angels cannot be seen as they are heavenly beings but that can take on different forms, including human, if Allah ordered them to do so.
Four prominent Mala'ikahs: Jibra'il, Mikra'il, Azra'il, and Israfi'l (peace be upon them)
Jibra’il ('alaihus salam)
Known as Gabriel (Peace be upon Him) in Judeo-Christian. Jibra'il is the angel who brought Allah's Revelations (Wahy), Messages, Books and Orders to all the Prophets including revealing the Qur'an to the Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him), verse by verse. Jibra'il came down with Allah's blessings during the night of "Laylat al-Qadr" (The Night of Power) - the night when the Qur'an was first revealed to Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).
Jibra’il ('alaihus salam) was also charged with communicating with (all of) the Prophets and helping and aiding them at times to fight their enemies.
Mikra’il (‘alaihus salam)
Known as Michael (Peace be upon Him) in Judeo-Christian. Mikra'il is in charge of food and rain. Numerous Angels work under him who are in charge of clouds, seas, rivers and winds. He receives Orders from Allah, and then orders the other Angels under his command. Mikra'il is also responsible for the rewards doled out to good persons in this life.
Azra’il (‘alaihus salam) - or Malik al-maut (Angel of Death)
Known as Azrael (Peace be upon Him) in Judeo-Christian. Azra'il is in charge of death and takes away life with the Order of Allah. Numerous Angels work under him. Some appear in a beautiful state and take away the lives of believers while others appear in a terrifying state and take the lives of unbelievers and sinners.
Israfi’l (‘alaihus salam)
Known as Raphel (Peace be upon Him) in Judeo-Christian. Israfi'l will blow the Trumpet (Sur) on the Day of Judgment. The sound of the Trumpet will destroy and kill everything and everyone that is on the earth and in the skies.
Israfi’l will blow the Trumpet a second time and all will come back to life according to the Order of Allah.
Other notaries: Kiramun Katibin, and Munkar and Nakeer
Kiramun Katibin (Honourable recorders)
Every human being has two Angels with him at all times sitting on their right and left shoulders recording their good and bad deeds respectively. These angels are known as Kiramun Katibin (Honourable recorders).
The only job of the Kiraman Katibin is to write down and record every action, thought, or feeling a person has each day. The Book in which the angels are writing is the cumulative record of a person's deeds. After that person's death, it is said that on the Day of Judgement each person will be confronted with this record, and the two angels will be present to tell Allah of what the person did.
The (scribe) on the left hand raises his pen (i.e., delays writing) for six hours (this may refer to six hours of 60 minutes as measured by astronomers, or it may refer to short periods of time during the day or night, according to Lisan al-'Arab) before he records the sinful deed of a Muslim. If [the Muslim] regrets it and seeks God's forgiveness, the deed is not recorded, otherwise it is recorded as one deed.
Prophet Muhammad (pbuh),
A further respite is granted after the deed has been recorded; up until the moment before death approaches, one is able to repent and ask for forgiveness.
A Muslim will enter Jannah (Paradise) if their good deeds outweighs their bad deeds. Else they'll go to Jahannam (Hell) for purification until Allah Wills otherwise.
We verily created a man and We know what his soul whispereth to him, and We are nearer to him than his jugular vein.
When the two Receivers receive (him), seated on the right hand and on the left, He uttereth no word but there is with him an observer ready.
And the agony of death cometh in truth. (And it is said unto him): This is that which thou wast wont to shun.
And the trumpet is blown. This is the threatened Day.
And every soul cometh, along with it a driver and a witness (And unto the evil doer it is said): Thou wast in heedlessness of this. Now We have removed from thee thy covering, and piercing is thy sight this day.
Surah 50 Qaf (The Letter Qaf), Ayats (Verses) 16 - 22
Munkar and Nakeer (The Denied and The Denier)
After death, a person's soul passes through a stage called barzakh, where it exists in the grave (even if the person's body was destroyed, the soul will still rest in the earth near their place of death).
Angels Munkar and Nakeer (The Denied and The Denier) will come and test the faith of a person in their grave by asking them three fundamental questions:
- Who is your Lord?
- Who is your Prophet?
- What is your religion?
A righteous believer will respond with Allah is our Lord, Muhammad is our Prophet, and Islam is our religion.
This questioning begin when the funeral is over and the last person of the funeral congregation has stepped 40 steps away from the grave. Munkar and Nakeer will prop the deceased soul upright in the grave and ask these questions. Failure to answer these questions correctly will mean that the soul will be punished until the Day of Judgement.
These angels are described as having solid black eyes, having a shoulder span measured in miles, and carrying hammers "so large, that if all of mankind tried at once to move them a single inch, they would fail". When they speak, tongues of fire come from their mouths. If one answers their questions incorrectly, one is beaten every day, other than Friday, until Allah gives permission for the beating to stop.
Muslims believe that a person will correctly answer the questions not by remembering the answers before death but by their imaan (faith) and good deeds such as salah (prayer) and shahadah (declaration of faith).
...and many more
Some Angels are in charge of Heaven, some of Hell, some of looking after children, the old, the weak and others whom Allah wishes to protect.
3. Belief in His Books (Kitabs)
Allah sent His Books to various Prophets for the guidance of their nations. The larger Books are known as Kitabs while the smaller Books are known as Sahifas.
The Kitabs that were reveled are:
1. Tawrat (Torah)
Sent to Hazrat Musa (Moses) (‘alaihis salam)
2. Zabur (Psalms)
Sent to Hazrat Da’wuud (David) (‘alaihis salam)
3. Injil (Gospels)
Sent to Hazrat ‘Isa (Jesus) (‘alaihis salam)
Qur'an is the Final Book of Allah and was revealed to Hazrat Muhammad Mustapha (salLallhu ‘alaihi wa salLam). All the other Kitabs were revealed at once, except the Noble Qur’an, which was revealed over a period of 23 years.Muslim believe that the other three Kitabs no longer appear in their original revealed format and changes, alterations, additions and omissions have been made to them over the centuries. Whereas Allah Has promised to safeguard the text of the Qur’an till the end of time.
The Noble Qur’an has been memorised by thousands of believers from the very beginning of Islam right to the present day.
Besides the four Revealed large books, many more smaller Kitabs (known as Sahifas) have been revealed to various Prophets (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon all of them). These include:
- 10 Sahifas were revealed to Hazrat Adam (Alayhis-Salaam ).
- 50 Sahifas were revealed to Hazrat Shies (Alayhis-Salaam).
- 30 Sahifas were revealed to Hazrat Iris (Alayhis-Salaam).
- Between 10 and 30 Sahifas were revealed to Hazrat Ibrahim (Alayhis-Salaam).
4. Belief in His Messengers (Nabis)
Need for prophets
Allah created mankind to worship Him and lead a virtuous life based on His teachings and guidance (LI: 56).
He endowed man with faculties and freedom of action and out of His Grace and Justice sent messengers (nabis) with clear and practical instructions of what He wants people to do. He sent a number of prophets to mankind from time to time to teach them how to live according to His law. The prophets were responsible for conveying the truth to a well-defined audience (people of his community) and give glad tidings of reward of Allah to those who accepts his message and warns the rejectors (kafiroon) with a horrible end. The good tidings are termed as basharat (good news) and the warnings as indhaar (warning). The people may accept his message or reject it.
The prophets dealt with deep issues such as why we were created, what will happen to us after death, is there any life after death, are we accountable for our actions, and many more questions relating to Allah, angels, paradise, hell, and much more. Such questions could not be answered without direct revelation from the Creator and Knower of the unseen. Those answers had to be authentic and brought by individuals whom we trust and respect. As such Allah sent messengers who were the elite of their societies in terms of moral conduct and intellectual ability to act as examples for mankind and to inspire them and to lead them to the Siratul Mustaqim (Straight Path), the path of righteousness.
In Islam, god does not come to earth in human form - a process known as anthropomorphism (attributing human qualities to non-human objects) - as is the case with many other religions such as Christianity and Hinduism. Rather, He chooses a man amongst men and communicates with them on a higher level and reveals instruction manual to guide mankind. Since the beginning of time, Allah has sent His guidance through these chosen people. The prophets were sent to mankind in different times and places to communicate His message on earth and teach people about the faith in One Almighty Allah. No nation or community was left without such guidance and every nation was sent at least one prophet. (X:47 and XVI:36).
The prophets were tasked with:
- Presenting clear concept of Allah: His attributes, His creation, what should and should not be ascribed to Him.
- Presenting clear idea about the unseen world, the angels, jinn (spirits), Paradise and Hell.
- Answering why Allah has created us, what He wants from us and what rewards and punishments are for obedience and disobedience.
- Demonstrating how to run our societies according to His will. That is, clear instructions and laws that, when applied correctly and honestly, will result in a smoothly functioning, harmonious society.
Some prophets, known as Rasools (Apostles), were also revealed Allah's Word through books of revelation.
Characteristics of prophets
The prophets were special human beings chosen and favoured by Allah. They spoke the truth, committed no sins and conveyed the message without adding or leaving out anything. They carried out miracles with the help of Allah Ta'ala.
Though prophethood is Allah's blessing and favour that He may bestow on whom He wills, the chosen prophets had many common features. These included:
- He is the best in his community morally and intellectually. Since he was to be a role model for his followers his personality should attract people to accept his message rather than drive them away by his imperfect character. After receiving the message, he is infallible. That is, he would not commit any sin. He might make some minor mistakes, which are usually corrected by revelation.
- He is supported by miracles to prove that he is not an imposter. Those miracles are granted by the power and permission of God and are usually in the field in which his people excel and are recognized as superior. For example, Musa's (or Moses in Hebrew text, Peace Be Upon Him) contemporaries were excellent in magic, so his major miracle was to defeat the best magicians of Egypt of his day. Isa's (Jesus in Christian text, Peace Be Upon Him) contemporaries were recognized as skilled physicians, therefore, his miracles were to raise the dead and cure incurable diseases. Muhammad's (Peace Be Upon Him) contemporaries were known for their eloquence and magnificent poetry so the Prophet’s major miracle was the Qur'an, the equivalent of which the whole legion of Arab poets and orators could not produce, despite the repeated challenge from the Qur'an itself.
- Every prophet states clearly that what he receives is not of his own making, but from Allah, for the well-being of mankind. He also confirms what was revealed before him and what may be revealed after him. A prophet does this to show that he is simply conveying the message that is entrusted to him by the One True God of all people in all ages. So the message is one in essence and for the same purpose. Therefore, it should not deviate from what was revealed before him or what might come after him.
The Qur'anic and Biblical criteria, tale and divine response of prophethood are very similar in a lot of ways. However, there is one major difference - the Qur'anic idea of prophecy insist that a prophet has to be ma'sum (inerrent or impeccable). That is, the prophets are divinely secured from major sin whereas Old Testament prophets can sin and repent - which is projected by Jews and Christians as being part of their greatness - but the Qur'anic prophets are infallible.
25 Prophets mentioned in the Qur'an
In the Qur'an there are 25 Prophets (Peace Be Upon Them) who are mentioned by name. Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is the final messenger sent by Allah (swt) in a series of prophets beginning with Hazrat Adam (‘alaihis salam // pbuh).
- Adam آدم
- Idris إدريس
- Nuh (Noah) نوح
- Hud هود
- Saleh صالح
- Ibrahim (Abraham) ابراهيم
- Lut (Lot) لوط
- Ismail (Ishmael) اسماعيل
- Ishaq (Isaac) اسحاق10
- Yaqub (Jacob) يعقوب
- Yusuf (Joseph) يوسف
- Ayyub (Job) أيوب
- Shoaib شعيب
- Musa (Moses) موسى
- Harun (Aaron) هارون
- Dhul-Kifl (Ezekiel) ذو الكف
- Daud (David) داود
- Sulayman (Solomon) سليمان
- Ilyas (Elijah) إلياس
- Al-Yasa (Elishaاليسعيس# ) 21
- Yunus (Jonah) يونس
- Zakariya (Zechariah) زكريا
- Yahya (John the Baptist) يحيى
- Isa (Jesus) عيسى
... Peace Be Upon Them (PBUT).
Their will never be another prophet after Muhammad Mustapha (pbuh) as such he is considered the Seal of Prophethood (Khatamun Nabiyin) (XXX:40). Prophet Muhammad (sws) also has the highest position and rank among all the Prophets.
surah ahzab 33:40 - muhammad (pbuh) is the seal;
A messenger sent to every nation
Most of the twenty-five prominent prophets mentioned in the Qur'an are Semitic prophets of the Middle East. However, the Qur'an also states that there were many more whose names have not been revealed (XL:78).
Muslims believe that there have been 124,000 prophets (in another hadith it is 224,000) and every people, be it Europeans, Native Americans, Africans, central Asians, Aborigines, South Pacificers, Indians, Far easterners etc were sent at least one prophet. That is because it is one of Allah’s principles that He will never call a people to account unless He has made clear to them what to do and what not to do.
surah faatir 35:24 - not a nation or tribe who hasn't received message; surah rad 13: 7 - every nation have been sent an warner;
It is compulsory for a Muslim to believe in, love, and respect all the messengers of Allah with no exceptions. All the prophets came from the same One God, for the same purpose: to lead mankind to Allah. Therefore, it is paramount and only logical that every Muslim believe in them. Accepting some and rejecting others has to be based on misconceptions of the prophet’s role or on a racial bias, and both are prohibited in Islam.
The Muslims are perhaps the only people in the world who consider the belief in all the prophets an article of faith. Thus the Jews reject Jesus and Muhammad (peace be upon them), and the Christians reject Muhammad. The Muslims accept them all as messengers of Allah who brought guidance to mankind. However, the revelations which those prophets before Muhammad brought from Allah have been tampered with in one way or another as such a Muslim must only follow the Qur'an but still maintain respect for the other holy books.
The belief in all the prophets of God is enjoined upon the Muslims in the Quran:
“Say (O Muslims): We believe in God and that which is revealed to us and that which was revealed to Abraham and Ishmael, and Isaac and Jacob, and their children, and that which Moses and Jesus received and that the prophets received from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them and unto Him we have surrendered.” (Quran 2:136)
The Qur'an continues in the following verses to instruct the Muslims that this is the true and impartial belief. If other nations believe in the same, they are following in the right track. If they do not, they must be following their own whims and biases and God will take care of them. Thus we read:
“And if they believe in what you believe, then they are rightly guided. But if they turn away, then they are in disunity, and God will suffice you against them. He is the Hearer, the Knower. This is God’s religion and who is better than God in religion?” (Quran 2:137-138)
All Prophets are guaranteed Heaven. However, people must always remember that prophets are best role model for them but they're not gods to be worshipped. Only Allah alone should be worshipped.
Nabi & Rasool
In Islam there are two types of prophets, one is the Nabi (Prophet, plural Anbiyaah) who are regular prophets sent to do as mentioned. The second type is the Rasool (Apostles, plural Rusul) who are high prophets or messengers as they were sent a revelation in the form of a holy book or scripture and shariat (Divine Law).
[Pickthal 2:253] Of those messengers[rosolo], some of whom We have caused to excel others
A Nabi follows the Shariat of a Rasool before him.
The exact number of anbiyaah who were also rasool are not known - some say 313, others 315 - however, they include: Nuh, Hud, Saleh, Ibrahim, Lut, Shoaib, Musa, Daud, Yunus, Isa and Muhammad, Peace Be Upon Them. They're known as "Ulu l-azm" prophets, meaning those who possess a quality of determination and firmness.
A 'Hazrat' is only an 'Honorary title', such as 'sir' in English. It is commonly used before the name of Prophets but can be applied to any people that is highly respected e.g. esteem scholars.
Sunnah & Hadiths
Sunnah refers to the deeds, sayings and approvals (including silent approvals) of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).
Hadith is the narration of a saying, or of an act, or of an approval of the Prophet (pbuh). They range in authenticity from Sahih (i.e. narrated by righteous, trustworthy and God-fearing persons of sound and dependable memory) to Hasan (narrators are of a slightly lower intellectual calibre than those of the Sahih, but otherwise fulfil all other conditions of Sahih), Da`if (contrary to Sahih or Hasan; or a link is missing in the chain of narrators, or a certain narrator in between is not found to qualify), Mawdu` (narrator are given to lies and falsehood), or Maqlub (narrators name changed in two different narration).
After the Qur'an, the sunnahs and authentic (sahih) hadiths are the most important sources for Islam. Muslims base their laws on these three things.
surah ambiya 21:107 - prophet (pbuh) mercy to whole world, surah saba 34:28 - universal messenger but most human don't know
The Sahabahs are companions of the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). They came from every tribe, tongue and nation and included non-Arabs and women.
It's from the Sahabahs that the "Khalifah Rashidun" (Rightly Guided Successors) were selected. And it's also from them that leaders of conquests, scholars of jurisprudence, judges who ruled with justice and great preachers of Islam was also derived.
The Sahabahs played a great part in spreading Islam throughout the world, especially during the turbulent and testing early days when the religion came to the lands of the pagan Arabs as something new and strange. The dedication to the cause, deep humanity, wider sense of justice and loyalty to Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was unparalleled. It is from the Sahabahs the world learnt about the deen (religion) of Islam, and it is from them that Muslims established the Shariat (Islamic Divine Laws) and obtained the Sunnah of the Rasool (pbuh).
Their stories remain a timeless source of inspiration, guidance and strength for all. The Companions have been praised by Allah and promised forgiveness and great reward.
"Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and those who are with him are stern against the disbelievers and merciful amongst themselves. When you see them you will find them bowing down, falling prostrate, and seeking Allah's favour and good pleasure. They have the marks of prostration on their faces. This is their description in the Torah; and in the Gospel they have been likened to a crop which put out its shoot, then strengthened it, then swelled and then stood on its own stem, filling the sowers with delight and the disbelievers with rage. Allah has promised those of them who believe and do good works, forgiveness and an immense reward." [Al-Qur'an 48:29]
Along with the Prophets (Peace Be Upon Them), there are 10 Sahabahs who are guaranteed Jannat (Heaven):
- Abu Bakr Siddiq
- Abdur Rahman bin Auf
- Saad bin abi Waqqas
- Saeed bin Jubair
- Abu Ubaidah bin Jarrah
... Radi Allahu'anhum (May Allah Be Pleased With Them).
The Sahabahs are held in high esteem. A non-Sahabi is not equal in rank to the lowest Sahabi, even though the non-Sahabi may be the greatest wali (pious friend of Allah). It's compulsory for the Muslims to show respect to all the Sahabahs and abstain from speaking ill and criticising any of them.
The first generation after the sahabas are known as the Tabi'in (Followers), and the generation after that Taba' at'Tabi'in.
The best people are those living in my generation, and then those who will follow them, and then those who will follow the latter. Then there will come some people who will bear witness before taking oaths, and take oaths before bearing witness.
Sahih Bukhari, Volume 5, Book 57, Number 3
5. Belief in the Day of Judgment (Qiyamat)
This world will one day come to an end.
To the first question, "Who is your Lord?," the deceased is instructed to reply, "Allah." In answer to the second question, "Who is your Prophet?," the deceased should say, "Muhammad," and the correct response to the third question, "What is your religion?," is "Islam." If the individual passes this first phase of the afterlife, the experience of the grave is pleasant, and he or she is given glimpses of the pleasures of paradise. If however, the deceased does not pass this phase, then the grave is the first stage of chastisement. After this, the soul sleeps and does not awake until a blast from an angel at God's command. According to Islamic tradition, this blast signals the end of the world and kills any remaining souls on the earth. It is followed by a second blast that causes all of the souls to be resurrected. At this point, humanity is raised up and assembled on a plain. The Quran states, "On that day We shall leave them to surge like waves on one another; the trumpet will be blown, and We shall collect them all together" (Quran, p. 735). From there, humanity will beg each of the prophets to intercede for them and hasten the Day of Judgment because the waiting is so terrible, but the prophets will refuse. Finally, all of humanity goes to the Prophet Muhammad. He will agree to intercede for them and ask that the Judgment commence. This intercession is granted to him alone. Then, each soul is judged based upon its beliefs and actions, which are weighed in the scales of divine justice. At this point, the two guardian angels assigned to all people throughout their adult lives will testify for or against them. According to the Quran, the limbs of each person will testify, and the earth herself is resurrected and bears witness against those who caused her harm. Next, a person will be given a book either in the right or left hand. For those given a book in the right hand, they pass the Judgment and are given the grace of God. For those given a book in their left hand, they fail the Judgment and are condemned to hell. However, at this point, prophets and other righteous people are allowed to intercede for their relatives, followers, or friends among the condemned, and their intercession is accepted. Once the Day of Judgment is over, humanity proceeds to a bridge known as the sirat, which crosses over hell. The saved cross it safely to the other side and are greeted by their respective prophets. The Muslims who make it safely across are greeted by Muhammad, who will take them to a great pool and give them a drink that will quench their thirst forever. The condemned fall into hell. The Quran states that some will only spend a brief time there, while others, the unrepenting and idolatrous ingrates, are condemned forever. Muslims see death as a transition to the other side. Islam is seen as the vehicle that will take one safely there. It is only in paradise that the believer finds ultimate peace and happiness.
Besides Allah Ta'ala no one knows the exact day of Qiyamat. Only this much is known that on Friday the l0th of Moharram Hazrat ISRAFFEL (Alayhis Salaam) will be ordered to blow the soor (Bugle). The sound will cause every living person or creature to die.
The earth will be shaken up. The mountain will become like flakes of cotton wool the sun and the moon will crash. The stars will lose their shine and the whole universe will be destroyed.
Signs before the Last Day...
Before Qiyamat approaches the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) mentioned some signs to look out for indicating the time is getting closer:
- People will disobey their parents and disrespect respect them.
- Breach of trust.
- Singing, music and dancing will become common.
- Illiterate people will become leaders.
- People will speak ill of their ancestors and the previous pious people.
- People of low means will begin to boast of high buildings.
- Unworthy people will be given high posts.
- When it will be regarded as a shame to act upon Quranic injunctions.
- When untrustworthy people will be regarded as trustworthy and the trustworthy will be regarded as untrustworthy.
- When the liars will be regarded as truthful and the truthful will be regarded as liars.
- When women with children become displeased (on account of them bearing off-spring) and barren women remain happy (on account of having no responsibility of off-spring).
- When decisions will be given on mere conjecture (wild guesses).
- When legislation in matters pertaining to my right (religion) is handed over to the worst elements in my Ummah, and if people accept them and are satisfied with their findings, then such persons will not smell the fragrance of Jannah.
- When the off-spring become a cause of grief and anger (for their parents).
- When Islam will become a stranger (unwanted religion).
- When Malice and Hate will become common among people.
- When Islamic Knowledge (Ilm) is lifted.
- When people will boast upon their palatial mansions.
- When oppression, jealousy and greed become the order of the day.
- When lies prevail over the truth.
- When people dispute over petty issues.
- When people blatantly follow their passions and whims.
- When immorality overtakes shamelessness and is perpetrated publicly.
We're accountable for five things
The Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad Mustapha (salla’Llahu ‘alayhi wa salLam) has warned his followers that the two feet of the son/daughter of ‘Adam will not move on the Day of Judgment until he/she has answered questions regarding five matters:
- about his/her life and how he/she spent it
- about his/her youth, and how he/she took care of it
- about his/her wealth, and how he/she earned it
- and how he/she spent his/her wealth
- about how he/she acted upon the knowledge he/she acquired.
6. Belief in Fate (Taqdeer)
ALlāh Has Knowledge of everything, even before its creation. ALlāh Has Given human beings the willpower and the ability to do either good or bad.
ALlāh’s Knowledge of who will do good or bad even before he has done it is known as Fate (Taqdeer).
All favors are by the Will of ALlāh Alone and no misfortune can happen without His Will. We should at no time despair over any misfortune befalling us nor should we boast any favors given to us by ALlāh.
We should always be thankful to ALlāh for His Favors and be patient over any misfortune falling us.
7. Belief in the Life after Death
After the day of Qiyamat when everything will be destroyed, Hazrat ISRAFEEL (Alayhis salaam) will be ordered to blow the bugle (soor) for the second time.
Every person who has lived on this earth from the time of Hazrat ‘Adam (‘alaihis salam) up to the final day will be brought to life again.
They will all gather before The King: ALlāh Ta’ala, for Judgment in the Field of Resurrection (Maidan-e-Hashr). On this Day they will all have to give account of their deeds.
This Day is known by various names:
- Yawm-ul-Hashr (Day of Resurrection)
- Yawm-ul-Hisab (Day of Reckoning or Account)
- Yawm-ul-Jaza and Yawm-u-Deen (Day of Judgement)
That Day the believers will be blessed and rewarded with the Garden (Jannah) while the unbelievers will be punished in the Fire (Jahannam).
Besides the Kuffaar and Mushrikeen Allah Ta'aala will forgive whomsoever He wishes.
KUFFAAR- Plural of KAAFIR meaning one who disbelieves in Allah.
MUSHRIKEEN- Plural of MUSHRIK meaning one who associates with Allah Ta'aala any partner in His being or attributes.
There are seven heavens.
Paradise (firdaws), also called "The Garden" (Janna), is a place of physical and spiritual pleasure, with lofty mansions (39:20, 29:58-59), delicious food and drink (52:22, 52:19, 38:51), and virgin companions called houris (56:17-19, 52:24-25, 76:19, 56:35-38, 37:48-49, 38:52-54, 44:51-56, 52:20-21). There are seven heavens (17:46, 23:88, 41:11, 65:12).
There is evidence in the Qur’aan that the people of Paradise will remember the life of this world. For example, in Soorat al-Toor, Allaah tells us (interpretation of the meaning):
"And some of them draw near to others, questioning, saying: ‘Aforetime, we were afraid with out families (of the punishment of Allaah). But Allaah has been gracious to us, and has saved us from the torment of the Fire. Verily, we used to invoke Him (Alone) before. Verily, He is the Most Kind, the Most Merciful." [al-Toor 52:25-28]
Everything that the people of Paradise desire will be theirs, as Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): "… (there will be) therein all that one’s inner-self could desire, all that the eyes could delight in, and you will abide therein forever." [al-Zukhruf 43:71]
Will any humans enter it before the Day of Resurrection?
There are two aspects to this:
1. Entering it in spirit only, as is the case with the dead. This is proven in the case of the Prophets, and of the martyrs (shuhadaa') whose souls are in the crops of green birds which roam about in Paradise. This is also known from the ahaadeeth in which the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) describes how he entered Paradise in dreams, which has to do with the soul or spirit.
2. With regard to entering Paradise in both body and soul, this will happen on the Day of Resurrection for both humans and jinn. The only exception to this is Adam (peace be upon him) who was in Paradise before he came down to this earth, as was mentioned by Ibn al-Qayyim and others. And Allaah knows best
All Prophets (PBUT) and 10 Sahaabahs are already guaranteed Heaven.
There are seven hells.
It has seven doors (Qur'an 39:71; 15:43) leading to a fiery crater of various levels, the lowest of which contains the tree Zaqqum and a cauldron of boiling pitch. The level of hell depends on the degree of offenses. Suffering is both physical and spiritual.
Being a Muslim does not keep one out of Hell, but it is not clear whether Muslims remain in Hell forever. Non-Muslims (kafir), however, will be punished eternally. A Muslim author on IslamOnline.net explains it this way:
"Ultimately, God will remove from Hell those believers whose sins were not forgiven nor atoned for by good deeds in their lifetimes, and they will then enter Paradise. The remaining inhabitants of Hell will stay there eternally." (Islam Online)